2020 Electoral College Results
55 rows · Nov 05, · The voters in each State choose electors to serve in the Electoral College. December 14, —Electors vote The electors in each State meet to select the President and Vice President of the United States. January 6, —Congress counts the vote Congress meets in joint session to count the electoral votes (unless Congress passes a law to. Dec 14, · There are electors, one for each U.S. senator and U.S. representative, plus three for Washington, D.C., which gets three electoral votes in the presidential election even though it has no.
The Electoral College website now has an easy-to-remember address. Make sure to update your how to host a costume party The Electoral College is a process, not a place. The Founding Fathers established it in the Constitution, in part, as a compromise between the election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens.
The Electoral College process consists of the selection of the electorsthe meeting of the electors where they vote for President and Vice President, and the counting of the electoral votes by Congress. The Electoral College consists of electors.
A majority of electoral votes is required to elect the President. Your State has the same number of electors as it does Members in its Congressional delegation: one for each Member in the House of Representatives plus two Senators. Read more about the allocation of electoral votes.
The District of Columbia is allocated 3 electors and treated like a State for purposes of the Electoral College under the 23rd Amendment of the Constitution. Each candidate running for President in your State has his or her own group of electors known as a slate.
Read more about the qualifications of the electors and restrictions on who the electors may vote for. The general election is held every four years on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November. When you vote for a Presidential candidate you are actually voting for your candidate's preferred electors. Learn more about voting for the electors. After the general election, your Governor prepares a Certificate of Ascertainment listing the names of all the individuals on the slates for each candidate.
The Certificate of Ascertainment also lists the number of votes each individual received and shows which individuals were appointed as your State's electors. The meeting of the electors takes place on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December after the general election. The electors meet in their respective States, where they cast their votes for President and Vice President on separate ballots. Members of the House and Senate meet in the House Chamber to conduct the official count of electoral votes.
The Vice President, as President of the Senate, presides over the count and announces the results of the vote. The President-elect takes the oath of office and is sworn in as President of the United States on January 20th in the year following the general election.
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The Electoral College consists of electors. A majority of electoral votes is required to elect the President. Your State has the same number of electors as it does Members in its Congressional delegation: one for each Member in the House of Representatives plus two Senators. Read more about the allocation of electoral votes. Aug 13, · How does the Electoral College work? Every four years, electors hailing from all 50 states plus Washington, DC cast their votes for president and vice president of the United States. A candidate needs a majority of electoral votes to win each race. 27 rows · The votes of the public determine electors, who formally choose the president through the .
You must contact either your state's election officials or political parties for information. The Electoral College is a unique method for indirectly electing the president of the United States.
Constitution and modified by the 12 th and 23 rd Amendments. The Electoral College consists of a total of members , one for each U.
Each state has a number of electoral votes equal to the combined total of its congressional delegation, and each state legislature is free to determine the method it will use to select its own electors.
Currently, all states select electors through a popular vote although how that vote works can differ , but that was not always the case throughout American history. In many states, the state legislature selected electors, a practice which was common until the mids. The following is a summary of how the Electoral College will work in the presidential election:. The U. Constitution does not specify procedures for the nomination of candidates for presidential elector.
The two most common methods the states have adopted are nomination by state party convention and by state party committee. Generally, the parties select members known for their loyalty and service to the party, such as party leaders, state and local elected officials and party activists.
However, in most states, electors' names are not printed on the ballot. All 50 states and the District of Columbia use one of two methods for awarding their electoral votes:. In 48 states and the District of Columbia, when a candidate for president wins a state's popular vote, that party's slate of electors will be the ones to cast the vote for president of the United States in December.
For example, Florida has 29 electoral votes. These 29 people will gather on Dec. Maine and Nebraska are the only states that do not use a winner-take-all system. Instead, in these two states, one electoral vote is awarded to the presidential candidate who wins the popular vote in each congressional district, and the remaining two electoral votes are awarded to the candidates receiving the most votes statewide.
This is known as the district system. It is possible under the district system to split the electoral vote for the state. This happened in in Nebraska: Barack Obama won the electoral vote in the congressional district including Omaha, while John McCain won in the state's other two districts and won the statewide vote as well, securing the state's two at-large votes.
Thus, when the Nebraska presidential electors met in December , there were four Republican electors and one Democrat.
That election was the first time Nebraska's electoral vote was split. In the years since the highly controversial presidential election, bills have been introduced in every state in the country to change the process for selecting electors. During the period of , most Electoral College reform bills proposed switching to the district system. None of these bills passed. This is an idea that would allow states to bypass the Electoral College without amending the U.
When a state joins the NPV Compact, it promises that it will give all of its electoral votes to the party that wins the national popular vote, rather than the party that wins the state popular vote. For instance, if the Democratic candidate won the popular vote in California, but the Republican candidate won the popular vote nationwide, California would be required to send the Republican slate of electors to the meeting of the electors.
The NPV has not yet taken effect; states with a total of at least electoral votes must join before it can function. Read more about the National Popular Vote. The idea of abolishing the Electoral College and instead electing the president by direct popular vote comes about every few years. There are two ways to do that:. There is no federal law or constitutional provision requiring electors to vote for the party that nominated them, and over the years a number of electors have voted against the instructions of the voters.
In , a Minnesota elector nominated by the Democratic Party cast a ballot for John Edwards, the vice presidential running mate of John Kerry--thought to be an accident.
Electors generally are selected by the political party for their party loyalty, and many are party leaders, and thus not likely to vote other than for their party's candidate. In , there were seven faithless electors, the most since —three Democratic electors from Washington state cast their votes for Republican Colin Powell, instead of Democrat Hillary Clinton; one Democratic elector from Washington state cast his vote for Faith Spotted Eagle, a woman who is a member of the Yankton Sioux Nation; one Democratic elector from Hawaii cast his vote for Bernie Sanders, instead of Hillary Clinton; one Republican elector from Texas cast his vote for John Kasich, instead of Donald Trump; and one Republican elector from Texas cast his vote for Libertarian Ron Paul.
The last time an elector crossed party lines was in , when an elector nominated by the Republican Party cast his ballot for the Libertarian ticket. Some states have passed laws that require their electors to vote as pledged.
These laws may either impose a fine on an elector who fails to vote according to the statewide or district popular vote, or may disqualify an elector who violates his or her pledge and provide a replacement elector. In July , the U. Supreme Court ruled that it is constitutional for states to enact this type of law. The states with laws that attempt to bind the votes of presidential electors are below:. Most of the laws cited above require electors to vote for the candidate of the party that nominated the elector, or require the elector to sign a pledge to do so.
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