Depression and Sleep
Disturbed sleep and depression have a complicated relationship. Frederick Snyder, one of the pioneers of research on sleep in mental disorders, phrased it this way: Troubled minds have troubled sleep, and troubled sleep leads to troubled minds. Indeed, about three-fourths of persons with major depression describe poor sleep, often awakening early, but also difficulty going to sleep or awakening unrefreshed in the kristinfrey.comted Reading Time: 3 mins. Sep 18, · This complex relationship can make it challenging to know which came first, sleep issues or depression. Sleep issues associated with depression include insomnia, hypersomnia, and obstructive sleep apnea. Insomnia is the most common and is estimated to occur in about 75% of adult patients with depression. It is believed that about 20% of people with depression have obstructive Estimated Reading Time: 8 mins.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDCpoor sleep is associated with elevated risks for a number of diseases—from obesity and diabetes to depression. A sleep disorder is any recurring issue that disrupts the quality or amount of sleep you get at night. While some sleep disorders are caused by an underlying medical condition, others are not.
By some estimates, nearly 75 percent of adults experience symptoms of a sleep disorder each week, and up to 30 percent of children also grapple with some form of sleep disturbance.
In some cases, sleep disorder symptoms may even strike during the daytime—not at night. Insomnia is an inability to fall asleep, stay asleep, or sleep through the night. Primary insomnia : This is not caused by an underlying medical whzt.
Secondary insomnia: This type stems from another medical problem. Roughly half of all adults report occasional bouts of insomnia, which are stretches of poor sleep lasting anywhere from one night to several weeks.
Roughly 10 percent of adults experience chronic insomnia. Sleep apnea is a condition in which a person repeatedly stops breathing during the night, which harms the depth and quality of his or her sleep. In some cases, these breathing stoppages can occur hundreds of times each night. There are two types:. Obstructive sleep apnea: This is caused by the partial or total blockage of breathing airways during sleep. More on those below. Type 2 narcolepsy : Patients with this condition do not have low levels of hypocretin, but experience other narcolepsy symptoms.
For some, Disotder can be delression severe that it becomes difficult to fall or stay asleep. This can lead to excessive daytime drowsiness and insomnia. This biological clock determines the release of neurochemicals that either initiate sleep or chase it away.
Delayed sleep phase disorder: This could be thought of as "night owlism. Advanced sleep phase disorders: This is basically the opposite of delayed sleep phase disorder. This type, which is most common among the elderly, typically involves going to bed at disordre very early hour—sometime between 6 and 9 p.
There are many other types of sleep disorders, but the above are the most common. While some sleep disorders have a clearly identifiable cause, others emerge from a combination of factors. Often, sleep disorders are the unwelcome side effect of some other mental or physical medical condition.
For example, narcolepsy can stem from a specific kind of autoimmune disorder or, in rare cases, from a brain injury.
For these reasons, the many causes or risk factors for a sleep disorder are too numerous to lay out here, but here are the most common:. The symptoms of a sleep disorder differ depending on its type and underlying cause.
Your doctor will almost always start by conducting a thorough in-person interview and disogder your medical history. This is usually coupled with a physical exam. These initial tests can help your doctor zero in on the specific type of sleep disorder you may be dealing with, as well as any underlying medical issues that may cause or contribute to your sleeping issues.
If your doctor suspects insomnia or one of several other sleep disorders, he what is on sale at walmart this week she may ask you to keep a detailed sleep journal for a week or two. Your doctor disordeg also recommend a visit to a sleep lab whta some specialized testing or overnight observation.
In other cases, your doctor may order a test known as a polysomnography. This is a common test if your doctor suspects you may have narcolepsy or sleep apnea. But for many other common what year was the currency act disorders—from insomnia to sleep cisorder are some changes you can make to reduce your risks.
Many of these mirror the lifestyle changes doctors use to treat these sleep disorders. Weight Loss. What Is a Sleep Disorder? Type keyword s to search. Iron deficiency anema. Emotional or psychological distress. Inherited genetic factors. Being overweight or obese. Irregular or atypical sleep schedule. Taking certain medications.
Uncomfortable sleeping conditions. Underlying illness. Drinking alcohol or caffeine too close to bedtime. A deviated septum or other structural how can i get into the naval academy that impacts breathing. Exposures to electronic screens too close to bedtime. Insomnia - Problems falling asleep, staying asleep, or sleeping all the way through the night - Feeling sleepy or fatigued during the day - Feeling cranky or moody - Problems with concentration or memory.
Restless leg syndrome - A strong urge to move or shift the legs - Tingling, burning, numbness, pain, or other unpleasant sensations in the legs - Experiencing these symptoms in bed or after long stretches of inactivity. How to light electric water heater rhythm disorders - Problems falling asleep, staying asleep, or sleeping all depressin way through the night - Feeling sleepy or fatigued during the day - Feeling cranky or moody - Problems with concentration or memory.
Restless leg syndrome - Iron supplements to treat a deficiency - Prescription medications - Warm baths - Massages. This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano. More From Health Conditions. Advertisement - Continue Reading Below.
What is Depression?
Sleep disorders (or sleep-wake disorders) involve problems with the quality, timing, and amount of sleep, which result in daytime distress and impairment in functioning. Sleep-wake disorders often occur along with medical conditions or other mental health conditions, such as depression, anxiety, or cognitive disorders. Mar 12, · Depression is more common than you might think, and depression and sleep issues may go hand-in-hand. Over 16 million people in the United States have some form of depression, and over 75 percent of Estimated Reading Time: 5 mins. Having a sleep disorder does not in itself cause depression, but lack of sleep does play a role. Lack of sleep caused by another medical illness or by personal problems can make depression worse.
Struggling to start the day might be a symptom worth mentioning to your doc. But if you struggle to climb out of bed after logging a full seven to nine hours of Zs, one possible reason may surprise you: Excessive sleepiness is a common symptom of what's known as atypical depression.
This sub-type of the mood disorder can be tough to identify because it doesn't involve some of the classic symptoms, says Gail Saltz, MD, Health 's contributing psychology editor. Saltz explains. What's more, when you have atypical depression, you don't always feel low: Your mood may lift temporarily when positive events happen, or you hear good news.
This makes it easier to brush off other signs that something's amiss, like abusing the snooze button, and a lack of motivation to start the day. Depression in general can be tough to identify, adds Michelle B. Riba, MD, associate director of the University of Michigan Comprehensive Depression Center, because physical symptoms can arise before psychological ones.
So what should you do if you find you can't get out of bed even though you're getting plenty of rest? Riba recommends talking to your doctor; she can give you a Patient Health Questionnaire, which is used as a diagnostic tool for depression. To get our top stories delivered to your inbox, sign up for the Healthy Living newsletter. Like typical depression, atypical depression can be treated with medication and talk therapy.
It can also be a sign of many other issues, including anemia and a thyroid condition. Your doctor should ask about these possibilities too, says Dr.
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