Dec 03, · A normal A1C level is percent or below, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. A level of Author: Erica Manfred. Aug 21, · % to %. Diabetes. % or above. A normal A1C level is below %, a level of % to % indicates prediabetes, and a level of % or more indicates diabetes. Within the % to % prediabetes range, the higher your A1C, the greater your risk is for developing type 2 diabetes. Managing Diabetes.
What has your blood sugar been up to lately? The A1C test—also known as the hemoglobin A1C or HbA1c test—is a simple blood test that measures your average blood sugar levels over the past 3 months. Higher A1C levels are linked to diabetes complications, so reaching and maintaining your individual A1C goal is really important if you have diabetes. When sugar enters your bloodstream, it attaches to hemoglobin, a protein in your red blood cells.
Everybody has some sugar attached to their hemoglobin, but people with higher blood sugar levels have more. The A1C test measures the percentage of your red blood cells that have sugar-coated hemoglobin. Managing diabetes : If you have diabetes, get an A1C test at least twice a year, more often if your medicine changes or if you have other health conditions.
Talk to your doctor about how often is right for you. However, ask your doctor if other tests will be done at the same time and if you need to prepare for them. A normal A1C level is below 5. Within the 5. Get your A1C tested in addition to—not instead of—regular blood sugar self-testing if you have diabetes.
Let your doctor know if any of these factors apply to you, and ask if you need additional tests to find out. However, your personal goal will depend on many things such as your age and any other medical conditions. Work with your doctor to set your own individual A1C goal. People who are older, have severe lows, or have other serious health problems may have a higher goal. Two people can have the same A1C, one with steady blood sugar levels and the other with high and low swings.
Keep track and share the results with your how to put on dog harness youtube so you can make changes to your treatment plan if needed. Skip directly to site content Skip directly how to unlock lg vu page options Skip directly to A-Z link.
Section Navigation. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. All About Your A1C. Minus Related Pages. If your result shows you have prediabetes, talk to your doctor about taking steps now to improve your health and lower your risk for type 2 diabetes. Repeat the Drawings how to train your dragon test as often as your doctor recommends, usually every 1 to 2 years. If your test shows you have diabetes, ask your doctor to refer you to diabetes self-management education and support services so you can have the best start in managing your diabetes.
Diagnosing Prediabetes or Diabetes Normal Below 5. Top of Page. More Information. To receive updates about diabetes topics, enter your email address: Email Address. What's this. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website.
Why it's done
For most adults living with diabetes, an A1C level of less than 7% is a common treatment target. Lower or higher targets may be appropriate for some people. The target of less than 7% is associated with a lower risk of diabetes-related complications. Oct 25, · For people without diabetes, the normal range for the hemoglobin A1c level is between 4% and %. Hemoglobin A1c levels between % and . Nov 19, · A normal A1C level for someone without diabetes is percent or lower. A percentage between and qualifies a patient for prediabetes, also known as impaired fasting glucose. At this level, patients are at a high risk of developing diabetes without intervention.
The A1C test is a common blood test used to diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes. If you're living with diabetes, the test is also used to monitor how well you're managing blood sugar levels. An A1C test result reflects your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. Specifically, the A1C test measures what percentage of hemoglobin proteins in your blood are coated with sugar glycated.
Hemoglobin proteins in red blood cells transport oxygen. The higher your A1C level is, the poorer your blood sugar control and the higher your risk of diabetes complications. How often you need the A1C test depends on the type of diabetes, your treatment plan, how well you're meeting treatment goals and your primary care doctor's clinical judgment.
For example, the A1C test may be recommended:. You may need more-frequent A1C tests if your doctor changes your diabetes treatment plan or you begin taking a new diabetes medication.
The A1C test is a simple blood test. You don't need to fast for the A1C test, so you can eat and drink normally before the test. During the A1C test, a member of your health care team takes a blood sample by inserting a needle into a vein in your arm or pricking your finger tip with a small, pointed lancet.
If the blood is taken from a vein, the blood sample is sent to a lab for analysis. Blood from a finger prick may be analyzed in your doctor's office for same-day results. This in-office test is only used for monitoring your treatment plan, not for diagnosis or screening. A1C test results are reported as a percentage. A higher A1C percentage corresponds to higher average blood sugar levels. Results for a diagnosis are interpreted as follows:.
Lower or higher targets may be appropriate for some people. If your A1C level is above your target, your doctor may recommend an adjustment in your diabetes treatment plan. A part of your treatment plan will include self-monitoring at home with a blood glucose meter or other device. Your health care team will direct you on how often and when you should test your blood sugar. The measurement shows your blood sugar level at the time you do the test.
Therefore, there is some variability throughout the day based on eating, exercise, stress and other factors. Self-monitoring helps you make choices about diet and exercise and daily treatment goals, but it also helps you track whether you are meeting your A1C target.
The most common form of the oxygen-transporting hemoglobin protein is called hemoglobin A. The presence of other variants of the protein may result in inaccurate A1C test results. Hemoglobin variants are more common among people of African, Mediterranean or Southeast Asian descent. If you have a hemoglobin variant, your test may need to be sent to a specialized lab or you may need a different test for diagnosis and monitoring of diabetes. Explore Mayo Clinic studies of tests and procedures to help prevent, detect, treat or manage conditions.
Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Don't delay your care at Mayo Clinic Schedule your appointment now for safe in-person care. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version.
Sections for A1C test About. Overview The A1C test is a common blood test used to diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes. More Information Diabetes Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome Hyperglycemia in diabetes Prediabetes Type 1 diabetes Type 1 diabetes in children Type 2 diabetes Type 2 diabetes in children Show more related information.
Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes — Diabetes Care. Type 2 diabetes mellitus adult. Mayo Clinic; Accessed Jan. Diabetes overview. Accessed Dec. Related Diabetes Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome Hyperglycemia in diabetes Prediabetes Type 1 diabetes Type 1 diabetes in children Type 2 diabetes Type 2 diabetes in children Show more related content.
News from Mayo Clinic Too much of a good thing can be dangerous, finds researchers investigating hypoglycemia Aug. Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. Learn more about this top honor. A1C test About. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.
<- How to format 4tb hard drive - What does basal cell cancer look like on the skin->