Mar 20, · The Simmental cattle are a very old breed of cattle, and their history dates back to the Middle ages. They are a versatile breed of cattle originating in the valley of the Simme River, in the Bernese Oberland of western Switzerland. They are actually among the oldest breeds of cattle and widely distributed throughout the world. The Simmental is among the oldest and most widely distributed of all breeds of cattle in the world. Although the first herd book was established in the Swiss Canton of Berne in , there is evidence of large, productive red and white cattle found much earlier in ecclesiastical and secular property records of western Switzerland.
Last Updated: March 28, References Approved. There are 8 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewedtimes. More recently, they have been bred for beef production, and crossbreeding has led to an increase in the variation of Simmental characteristics. Still, there are some common colorations and physical characteristics that can help you identify Simmental cattle. Log in Social login does not work in incognito and private browsers.
They have a heavy bone structure, with visibly strong feet and legs. Mature Simmental bulls, which will show more muscle mass over their shoulders and hindquarters, usually weigh somewhere between 2, and 2, pounds. Simmental can gain weight particularly rapidly, increasing in weight by four to five pounds per day when in a favorable environment and well fed.
Identify Simmental body types. While all Simmental are noticeably blockish, they are not as rectangular as some other breeds, such as Limousins. Simmental cattle tend to have more loose dewlap — the skin that hangs beneath their chin and their underside — than many other common types of cattle.
Simmental cows tend to have a larger udder than most other cattle breeds - though Holstein have recognizably larger udders. Simmental cow udders will have prominent forward and rear attachments to the underside of oxnard ca is in what county cow, with equal-sized quarters and small, uniform teats that are what is a simmental cow spaced.
Check for common Simmental head characteristics. On all Simmental, the head will be longer and larger than many similar breeds. They have particularly larger ears, which protrude from a low location on their head. Simmental bulls have curly hair on what is trojan virus yahoo answers foreheads, some more noticeably than others. Simmental bulls may be horned or polled, the latter being more common.
If horns are present, they will be quite short, and point out and upward. Simmental lips and mouths are relatively trim and refined-looking as compared to other breeds, especially in comparison to Herefords. Part 2 of Recognize how to configure cyberoam cr25i Simmental coloration.
Most Simmental cattle have a white face with a brownish-red body. Other Simmental cattle will be lighter in color, while some will be all black, and others mostly brown or mostly red.
Some that are otherwise all black or all red will have a white face. While American Simmental are mostly black, they may actually be any color or color pattern — from all black, to spotted or patchy, to all white. European Simmental are red or yellow with lots of what is a simmental cow. All Simmental start life as greyish calves with shades of red and yellow hair. Pigmentation around the eyes, as well as the udder and scrotum, are common, especially in the U.
Nearly all Simmental cattle will have ears that are the same color as their body. Identify Fleckvieh-Simmental cattle. Flechvieh-Simmental cattle will range in color from web 3. 0 what is it light buckskin-yellow to a brownish-red. They will have a white face that almost always has a border line just before the jawline, and a white underbelly.
White will likely show on the flank and elbows, sometimes forming a stripe from behind the elbows or from the flank all the way up to the topline. They will have a lot of white on their belly and legs. What is a simmental cow tail of a Simmental-Fleckvieh will usually be all white or white half-way down. Simmental cattle do not have a white stripe down the nape of their necks, nor white dewlaps.
If these are present, the cattle are likely Hereford. Recognize modern Simmental cattle. Some more modern breeds of Simmental will have less white markings and will be mostly darker brownish-red to black. If they do have some white, it will likely be lower on the leg. White faces are common in modern Simmental, though they may have different colored eye patches and less white overall. Some Modern Simmental cattle may still have a recognizable white stripe from the shoulder down to the elbows, or from the top of the loins to the flanks.
Identify Fullblood or Straightbred Simmental cattle. These will likely be all black, all red, black and white, or mostly black or red but with a white or mostly-white face. Fullbloods are often bred with Red AngusAngus or Hereford cattle. Simmental bulls that have been crossed with Angus and Red Angus breeds will often look like Angus at first glance.
Distinguish Simmental from Angus cattle by noting ear and dewlap coloration, as well as muscularity, to decipher key differences between an Angus bull and a Black Simmental bull.
Part 3 of Simmental cattle tend to be docile and even-tempered, as these traits have long been selected for by breeders. Since Simmental are often bred for environments in which they are heavily managed by humans, they are noticeably calm. Recognize early sexual maturity in Simmental cattle. Though it takes about four years to reach full size, Simmental cattle are known for experiencing early sexual maturity.
Bulls reach sexual maturity by 15 months of age and will readily breed with what happened in 1914 1918 cows in one season. Mature bulls will happily breed with about 50 cows in a seasons if environment permits. Simmental cows' docility and high milk production allow for roughly annual births. A Simmental cow will maintain a yearly calving cycle for as many as a dozen years.
Simmental cows will happily breed while nursing. Yes No. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 2. Cows can weight kgs and bulls can weight up to kg. They are usually cm tall. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 1. They typically have long auburn colored fur, long horns, and fur that hangs down in front of their eyes.
Not Helpful 0 Helpful 0. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Related wikiHows How to. How to. About This Article. Co-authored by:. Co-authors: Updated: March 28, Categories: Featured Articles Cattle Breeds. Italiano: Riconoscere le Mucche Simmental. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been readtimes.
Simmental is a breed of cattle whose history dates back to the Middle Ages. Early records indicate that Simmental cattle were the result of a cross between large German cattle and a smaller breed indigenous to Switzerland. Simmental cattle are a wealth amongst beef breeds. Their traits are exceedingly heritable and the data for prediction of offspring qualities is very reliable. The naturally lean beef, its tenderness and high yield is an asset for feedlots. Jan 19, · The Simmental Cattle breed is not only considered one of the oldest Swiss cattle breeds, but it is also one of the most popular cattle breeds worldwide. There are believed to be around 41 million heads of Simmental cattle worldwide.
The Simmental cattle are a very old breed of cattle, and their history dates back to the Middle ages. They are a versatile breed of cattle originating in the valley of the Simme River, in the Bernese Oberland of western Switzerland. They are actually among the oldest breeds of cattle and widely distributed throughout the world. Along with being an older breed, the Simmental cattle are also very important for being contributor to the creation of many other famous European cattle breeds.
The breed is currently known by different names in the different parts of the world. The Simmental cattle are also called by some other local names depending on the area they are being raised. Early records indicate that, the Simmental cattle were actually the result of a cross between large cattle from Germany and a smaller breed indigenous to Switzerland.
Although it is an old breed, but the first herd book was established in the Swiss Canton of Berne in Today the breed is available throughout the world, but most of them are available in Europe. Read more information about this cattle breed below.
The Simmental cattle are large animals with a wide variations in coat color. Their coat color varies from gold to red with white, and may be evenly distributed or clearly defined in patches on a white background. They also can be of any single color depending on the type. Actually their color can vary depending on country and type.
Head of some animals are white and usually a white band appears over the shoulders. Most of the Simmental cattle have pigmentation around the eyes, which help to reduce eye problems. They can be either horned or polled, and the horns are up turned in the horned variety. They have good muscling, their frame is large and they have a heavy dewlap. Average height of the bulls is about cm, and cm for the cows. The bulls on average weight around kg, and average body weight of the cows is around kg.
Photo and info from Wikipedia. The Simmental cattle are versatile animals. There are many breed-type variation and each type is used for specific purpose. But in most cases they are used for both milk and meat production. Previously, the Simmental cattle breed was used as dairy, beef and draught animals. They are well known throughout the world, especially for the rapid growth rate of the young. This breed is also noted for providing more combined weaning growth and milk yield than any other breeds.
They are usually docile in temperament and the cows have very good mothering traits. They are very hardy and can adapt themselves easily to the most varied climatic conditions.
Compared to other similar breeds, the Simmental cattle have excellent grazing abilities and good growth rates. They are very easy to handle and have a very good feed conversion and efficiency. Some type of the breed is good for meat production, some are good for milk, and some are very good for both milk and meat production. They were previously used as draught animals, but now are mainly being raised for milk and meat production. However, review full breed profile of the Simmental cattle in the following table.
This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Table of Contents. Related Posts. Leave a Reply Cancel Reply. Hardy, strong, fast growers, well adapted to a wide variety of climatic conditions, excellent grazing abilities, excellent mothering abilities, very easy to handle.
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