The Amalfi Coast
Europe is the second smallest of the inhabited continents. It is a part of the Eurasian land mass that includes Europe, Asia, Asia Minor and the Arabian Peninsula. As many large islands east and south of Asia are usually included in Asia, the Eurasian land mass extends from Iceland to New Guinea, from the Atlantic to the Pacific and from the Arctic to the Indian Oceans. Mar 31, · The particularly severe outbreak in Italy has centered on the country's northern regions, including the city of Bologna, which is home to the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies in Europe. While the SAIS Europe campus has closed, classes, research, and collaboration have continued remotely and online.
By Hub staff report. In recent weeks, the epicenter of the novel coronavirus pandemic has moved from China and East Asia to Italy and other Western nations including the U. The particularly severe outbreak in Italy has centered on the country's northern regions, including the city of Bologna, which is home to the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies in Europe.
While the SAIS Europe campus has closed, classes, research, and collaboration have continued remotely and online. He offered insights into the immediate and future impacts of the COVID pandemic on European and American economies, political climates, and international relations. This is the first of a three-part series. The conversation has been edited for length and clarity. Well, in reality, things have been changing very quickly during the past few weeks, which is similar to how to do tricks in football you're now seeing in the U.
As the Italian government has introduced even stricter rules on people's movement and interactions, we accordingly decided, unfortunately, to close our building and campus. Now we are interacting with our community, with our colleagues, students, and administrators, purely online.
It poses a lot of challenges, of course, but like any challenge it also poses how to cure swim bladder in fish opportunity to do better. In the long run it will help us to be more effective with our online resources, especially using these online resources to teach and conduct a beneficial exchange of ideas.
We have the right technology and the skills to adapt to this new setting, if a little bit by brute force because of the country's strict and rapid lockdown. We need to understand that, in Europe, the impact of the epidemic is currently different in different countries, and at the moment some are more affected than others.
But even for less affected countries, the outbreak needs to be dealt with quickly because we are so tightly integrated socially and economically. The outbreak in a single region or country quickly becomes a common problem.
What we have to do in the face of this widespread and common shock to our economic and health systems is to implement an equally what part of europe is italy in and uniform response. At the moment, the U. Some states, like some European countries, will need more support than others, but the U. In the European Union, this is more complicated because we don't have a federal fiscal authority remotely resembling the United States Treasury. Each country has its own government with its own responses, which poses a problem for acting uniformly.
Thinking about our value chain—or the way industries produce goods—Europeans are far more integrated with one another than they often what is barriers of effective communication. If one European country is severely affected, then the problem transfers very quickly to everybody else. It's just bad policy to leave public health responses at the state level in the U.
Look at the consequences for the Italian economy, for example. Even though some countries are not as heavily affected by the virus now, they will suffer consequences from a complete disruption of another country's economy, like what has happened in Italy. Image caption: The Spanish Steps, a popular tourist destination in Rome, is nearly abandoned in mid-March as what is a t- 3 result of mandatory lockdowns throughout Italy.
It's hard to say. We're still in the middle of it. The more countries that are affected by this shock, the more likely it is that they'll be able to join together. Recent crises were mostly asymmetric: some countries were more affected than others. Now we're facing something different—a shock that is far more uniform than those before. The effect of the epidemic could be more widespread, and as a result we might have a stronger push toward economic and political integration for the EU.
If, as in past crises, the effects continue to be substantially more severe in some countries than in others, traditionally that has provided a strong force for disunity and disintegration across the European continent. From an economic and policy point of view, we in Italy, and in Europe more broadly, were convinced that we stood on higher ground in terms of the standards of our health system.
There was a general sense that our health system, throughout Europe, was superior and more robust, which would make the virus easier to contain here in comparison with Asia. The problem is we completely underestimated how contagious COVID is and the implications for our demographic structure, with higher numbers of elders. Moreover, we underestimated how a health system geared to address conventional health needs might be very poorly placed to deal with an epidemic.
For example, if you go to the emergency room in North America it's a much quicker experience, but in European national health systems, like in Italy, the emergency room is often an admission gate to hospital care, even for less urgent cases. This system, built on patient-centered care like most Western health systems, allows the time to work through a patient's health problems. During a pandemic like this one, though, this practice might become an issue because it keeps patients around when they shouldn't be, possibly intensifying the outbreak.
There is an extremely interesting and moving account of this issue recently published in the New England Journal of Medicine. We did not understand quickly enough that this virus was an unconventional event that couldn't be dealt with by the conventional standards of our health system. By changing the triage procedure we've adapted—the time an Italian emergency room takes to process patients now is different, faster, and oriented to COVID Things would have likely been different if we had started sooner.
There is general lesson for Europe and the U. Rather than containing the virus, we ended up spreading it.
We learned this the hard way. We were the victims of our own successful health system in a way. What's what part of europe is italy in interesting is that, in Italy, the contagion has been particularly strong in the regions—Lombardia and Emilia Romagna—where the Italian health system is the strongest.
They took thorough care of people longer but, in some cases, they were not ready to isolate them promptly. In the middle of an epidemic, even short delays can prove very important in failing to contain the outbreak.
Image credit : Getty Images. Share on Twitter. Share on Facebook. Pin it on Pinterest. More social media options Share on LinkedIn. Share on Reddit. Share on Tumblr. Related Content. Alessandro Rebucci, an expert in macroeconomics and financial institutions at the Johns Hopkins Carey Business School, says the shock to the economy caused by coronavirus poses formidable challenges.
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A Grand Tour of Europe is an iconic trip for a reason: The continent packs an incredible amount of diversity into a relatively small space. Feast on pasta and gelato in Italy, chase the Northern Lights in Scandinavia, and island hop in Greece. Or step off-the-beaten-path to see Romania's haunting castles and the Baltics' charming coast. Customize an Italy vacation package to Venice, Sorrento, Florence and more with Gate 1 Travel. Explore destinations with an Italy escorted tour, or Rome escorted tour. We have fantastic Rome travel packages to fit your time and budget. Whether it’s an Italy sea cruise or a multicity tour, Gate 1 Travel will make it a vacation to remember. Feb 25, · Founded in the late 18th century, Milan’s Pinacoteca di Brera housed the teaching aids of the day: a roll call of Italian masters including Titian, Tintoretto, Botticelli, Raphael, Caravaggio and the Bellini brothers. The masterpieces, many of which pack tremendous emotional clout, number in their hundreds and represent the stunning arc of Italian artistic development between the 15th and.
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