6 Events That Laid the Groundwork for the Vietnam War
Mar 29, · The Vietnam War had its roots in the midth century. Review a timeline of the origins, major events, and aftermath from to The Vietnam War was waged from to Find out more about the major events, places, and people involved in this great conflict.
The Vietnam War itself began in when the U. It would not end until 20 years later with the fall of Saigon to the Communists in April Early 20th century: Nationalism begins to rise in Vietnam, along with several separate groups with different political systems. September Japan invades Vietnam. Fighting begins with French forces and the VNA. January The Viet Minh receive military advisors and weapons from China. July The U.
July 21, The Geneva Accords creates a ceasefire for the peaceful withdrawal of the French from Vietnam and provides a temporary boundary between North and South Vietnam at the 17th parallel.
The accords call for free elections in Cambodia and Laos receive their independence. Fitzgibbon, Jr. July North Vietnam's leaders pass an ordinance calling for continued socialist revolutions in the north and south. July 11, Two off-duty U. They are better known to their enemies as the Vietnamese Communists, or Viet Cong for short. January John F. Kennedy takes office as the President of the United States and begins to escalate American involvement in Vietnam.
Two U. February A U. June 11, Buddhist monk Thich Quang Duc sets himself on fire in front of a pagoda in Saigon to protest Werr policies. The journalist's photo of the death is published worldwide as "The Ultimate Protest. November 22, President Kennedy is assassinated. New President Lyndon Johnson would continue how the grinch stole christmas special escalation of the war.
August 2 and 4, North Vietnamese attack two U. Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. March 2, A sustained U. March 8, The first U. March 16, U. July General William Westmorelandwho had been in charge of the U. December The number of U.
July President Nixon orders the first of many U. September 3, Communist revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh dies at age November 13, The American public learns whag the Mai Lai massacre.
April 30, President Nixon announces that U. This news sparks nationwide protests, especially on college campuses.
May 4, National Guardsmen fire a barrage of tear gas into a crowd of demonstrators protesting the expansion into Cambodia on the campus of Kent State University. Four students are killed. January 27, The Paris Majn Accords are signed and create a ceasefire. March 29, The last U. March North Vietnam launches a massive assault on South Vietnam.
April 30, Saigon falls and South Vietnam surrenders to the communists. July 2, Vietnam is unified vietbam a communist countrynamed how to keep a relationship alive Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Share Flipboard Email. Jennifer Rosenberg. History Expert. Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history.
Updated March 29, Vietnam War Key Takeaways The Vietnam War was one of several conflicts that began with the struggle over Indochina to overthrow the French colonial forces. The first American fatality was in when an off-duty airman was shot by a colleague for talking to some children. Four U. The war ended when Saigon evennts to the Communists in April Cite this Article Format.
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Who was in the Vietnam War?
Jul 18, · This timeline details the main events of the conflict between the USA and Vietnam known as the Vietnam War and those events that are considered long term and short term causes of the war. Long Term Events. once in favour of the war, were now . American history and world history can be found at historycental- History's home on the web. Explore our complete time lines of major events in American history as well as World History. Research our special sections on diverse subjects ranging from presidential elections to naval history. Vietnam War (–75), conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam and its allies in South Vietnam, the Viet Cong, against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States. It was part of a larger regional conflict as well as a manifestation of the Cold War.
Viet Minh troops under Gen. The stunning victory by Vietnamese forces brings an end to nearly a century of French colonial rule in Indochina. The Saigon Military Mission, a covert operation to conduct psychological warfare and paramilitary activities in South Vietnam, is launched under the command of U. Air Force Col. Edward Lansdale. This marks the beginning of the Vietnam War. Ngo Dinh Diem. The Geneva Accords effectively divide Vietnam in two at the 17th parallel.
At this point approximately 16, U. After commanders reported a North Vietnamese torpedo boat attack on the U. Lyndon B. Johnson submits the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution to Congress. Approximately 23, U. Army Chief of Staff, Gen.
Harold K. Johnson , is published. Its findings suggest that the strategy of attrition being pursued by U. William Westmoreland is counterproductive, and it recommends that more U. There are approximately , U. During the Vietnamese New Year holiday of Tet , North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces begin an offensive that will eventually hurl some 85, troops against five major cities, dozens of military installations, and scores of towns and villages throughout South Vietnam.
The attacks, which eschew the guerrilla tactics traditionally employed by North Vietnamese forces, play directly to American and South Vietnamese strengths. The North Vietnamese suffer casualty rates approaching 60 percent, and Westmoreland sees the Tet Offensive as a sign of desperation on the part of the North. This view is increasingly at odds with that of the American public. To say that we are closer to victory today is to believe, in the face of the evidence, the optimists who have been wrong in the past.
As many as unarmed villagers are killed by U. Army troops in the hamlet of My Lai. Groups of women, children, and elderly men are shot at close range by elements of Charlie Company of the 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Infantry Brigade. William Calley, will be found guilty of any crime in connection with My Lai. In November Calley will be released on parole after serving just three and a half years under house arrest.
Millions of people across the United States take to the streets to protest the continued U. The antiwar demonstrations represent the largest public protests in U.
Members of the Ohio National Guard open fire on unarmed college students at Kent State University , killing four and wounding nine. The incident catalyzes the growing antiwar movement. Roughly , U. The last U. In over a decade of fighting, some 58, U. Vietnamese casualties include more than , South Vietnamese troops and more than 1,, North Vietnamese soldiers and Viet Cong irregulars.
Civilian deaths total as many as 2,, American personnel begin converging on more than a dozen assembly points throughout the city. Over the next 24 hours, some 7, Americans and South Vietnamese are flown to safety. The following morning, North Vietnamese troops enter downtown Saigon and the South Vietnamese government surrenders unconditionally. Home List World History. He earned a B. He was a teacher in the Chicago suburbs and Seoul, Load More.
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